Iizuka Shōkansai (1919-2004)

#3485

Hanakago “Tsuru-musubi”
Susudake (smoked bamboo)
Signed: Shōkansai saku (made by Shōkansai)
Iizuka Shōkansai (1919-2004)
W:20cm, H:38cm, D:18.5cm
Tomobako, original box signed by the artist

Tsuru-musubi musubi wo tsuru no kake musubi (Tsuru means a “vine” but also a “crane”. Musubi means a bow. Kake means “fasten” or “tie” but also means a play on words. Shōkansai Played a word game with 2 words tsuru for “vine” and “crane”, kake for “word game” and “tie”.)
Mutsume weave (hexagonal stitch)
(Horizontal weave is doubled)

Shōkansai Iizuka 飯塚 小玕斎 (1919 – 2004) was a Japanese artist specialising in bamboo sculpture.

Shōkansai’s father was the greatest bamboo artist Iizuka Rōkansai. Originally Shōkansai’s older brother Iizuka Mikio was intended to inherit the family art, and Shōkansai instead studied oil painting at the Tokyo University of Art, under Fujishima Takeji. However, Mikio’s death in 1942 left Rōkansai without an heir to continue the family tradition of bamboo art, and so Shōkansai began studying under his father who was a strict teacher. Shōkansai’s first decade of instruction was devoted to the proper cutting of bamboo, which he now considers an indispensable part of the craft.

By the late 1940s Shōkansai was regularly submitting pieces to the Nitten exhibition held by the Japan Art Academy, and won a number of prizes in competition, including the Grand Prize (1954) and the Chrysanthemum Award (1960). He was eventually made a full member of the Nitten group in 1967. By this time, he had already founded his own art group, the Nihon Chikujinkai, with a group of other artists. In the mid-1970s, he started contributing to the Traditional Crafts Exhibition (Nihon Dentō Kōgei Ten), expanding his repertoire to cover vases, boxes and other containers; he won the Minister of Education Award at his first showing and two years later was invited to be a judge of the competition. His work was exhibited in the Tokyo National Museum of Modern Art and the San Francisco Asian Art Museum, and he was invited to Taiwan and other countries to teach his basket-weaving technique. Between 1979 and 1981, he was employed by the Office of the Imperial Household to catalogue and research bamboo artefacts held in the Shōsōin Imperial Teasure House.

In 1982 he was recognised as a Living National Treasure by the Japan Craft Arts Association and the Agency for Cultural Affairs.

References
- Iizuka, Mari. “Shokansai“. Rokando.
- “Japanese Studio Crafts: Tradition and the Avant-garde”, by Rupert Faulkner, University of Pennsylvania Press. 1995. ISBN 978-0-8122-3335-3.
- “Basketry: Japan’s Bamboo Art“. by Diaz, Michelle. Lost Art. Illinois State University College of Arts.

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